Energy, Russian Influence, and Democratic Backsliding in Central and Eastern Europe

The democratic transitions in Central and Eastern Europe are facing significant challenges. Across the region, Russia is expanding its economic and political influence and using it to undermine democratic standards and values. Using its strong position as a dominant energy supplier to the EU and former Soviet republics, Russia is employing economic incentives and punishment ···

The fate of national money for local development

Money and procurement 2: where did the contracts for local investments end up?

EFOR continues the research concerning the way in which procurement was made from the National Local Development Programme (PNDL). The funds allocated through PNDL are meant for the development of local infrastructure, such as roads, water supply, water treatment plants, sewerage, construction of sports facilities or modernization and construction of public buildings. Although the funds ···