Did you ever think how political parties attract voters? – In Romania, election manipulation through flour and oil packages is illegal and giving party jackets is inefficient. One answer: expanding their cash box through subsidies from 2 millions of Euros in 2008, to 37 millions in 2018 ! But there is also another way: the ···
What is PNDL in Romania was the program “Good Roads for Moldova” for the government in Chişinău: discretionary purse in anticipation of the general elections of February 2019. In fact, the micro-targeting was even more sophisticated and perverse than parties are able to do in Romania, but the problem of systemic clientelism – discretionary use ···
The EFOR 2019 report outlines the results of a series of projects of the organisation and its partners on both components: measuring clientelism and combating strategic political misinformation. Clientelism can be powered either directly from public funds, as it is the case for financial transfers made by local authorities to the local governments for investment – which have been documented by us throughout recent years; or affecting strategic sectors through more subtle schemes, such as energy.
Case studies from Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, Romania and Hungary The EU has been increasingly caught up in its own internal struggles over the past years – migration, populism, Brexit – and is facing fundamental challenges to its core principles and values from problematic member states such as Poland, Hungary or Romania. Russia stands only ···
April 11 2019, 16.00 Location: Permanent Representation of the Czech Republic to the EU (Rue Caroly 15, 1050 Brussels) The report WAR BY OTHER MEANS. Kremlin’s Energy Policy as a Channel of Influence. A comparative assessment will be launched in Brussels on the 11th of April 2019 at the at 16.30 at the Permanent Representation of the ···
The following report analyzes the capacity (governance and performance) of energy (gas and electricity) regulators in Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine and “benchmarks” them to the Romanian energy regulator. Energy regulators in countries that follow EU’s Energy Directives of the Third Energy Package – EU members, as well as members of the Energy Community and countries ···
Yesterday we launched in Chisinau, together with our Moldovan colleagues from Expert Grup, the report “The bridge over the Prut, version 2.0: electricity interconnection between Romania and Moldova”. Participants included representatives of the EU Delegation in Chisinau, companies, embassies, international donors, experts, media. The main findings of the conference: The interconnections with Romania, both on gas ···
Moldova depends 100% on the Russian gas and 80% on the electricity produced in Transnistria based also on Russian gas. In 2014, Romania and Moldova launched with great fanfare an interconnector (Iasi-Ungheni) that promised a relevant alternative to Gazprom for Moldovan consumers. A year and a half later, the pipe is used far below capacity, covering ···